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The Science Of Getting Rich Principles 337

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Ilość: szt. Menu • Jha A. Open access to research is inevitable, says Nature editor-in-chief. [February 7, 2018]; The Guardian. 2012 • Bill of Rights 10 Sci-Hub (n.d.) Wikipedia Retrieved 26 July 2016. Not all scholarly articles have DOIs. By evaluating the presence of DOIs in other databases of scholarly literature (such as PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus), researchers estimate around 90% of newly published articles in the sciences have DOIs ( Gorraiz et al., 2016; Boudry and Chartron, 2017). The prevalence of DOIs varies by discipline and country of publication, with DOI assignment in newly published Arts & Humanities articles around 60% ( Gorraiz et al., 2016). Indeed, DOI registration is almost entirely lacking for publishers from many Eastern European countries ( Boudry and Chartron, 2017). In addition, the prevalence of DOI assignment is likely lower for older articles ( Boudry and Chartron, 2017). The incomplete and non-random assignment of DOIs to scholarly articles is a limitation of this study. However, DOIs are presumably the least imperfect and most widespread identifier for scholarly articles. • Motori • Biography • Everything else (graphs, images, diagrams etc.) is labelled numerically as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc. (References to figures in the main body of the text are usually written in abbreviated form, e.g. ‘see Fig. 1’). • Suber P. MIT Press; 2017. [ Google Scholar] • Britannica Classics Check out these retro videos from Encyclopedia Britannica’s archives. Right now, sci hub seems to be up and running. If you cannot access science hub try some of the alternative links above, like whereisscihub. Nature 551, 399-400 (2017) It’s likely that many of the credentials Elbakyan secured came from leaked login information and lapses in universities’ security. One official at Marquette University, alleges to have seen evidence of Sci-Hub phishing for credentials. Elbakyan vociferously denies this and has previously said that many academics have even offered their login information. That could explain how Sci-Hub downloads some papers “directly from publishers,” as she has previously claimed. Just to be clear, the comments by Frank are just that — comments — and are not part of this article. arXiv costs roughly $600K-$1.2 million depending how you count it to run, and that’s not including any updates or software development costs. So it seems wrong to imply its ‘free’ when its not. • June 2013

University XXXXXX XXXXXX An often overlooked aspect of the DOI system is that DOIs are case-insensitive within the ASCII character range ( International DOI Foundation, 2017; British Standards Institute, 2012). In other words, 10.7717/peerj.705 refers to the same article as 10.7717/PeerJ.705. Accordingly, DOIs make a poor standard identifier unless they are consistently cased. While the DOI handbook states that “all DOI names are converted to upper case upon registration” ( International DOI Foundation, 2017), we lowercased DOIs in accordance with Crossref’s behavior. Given the risk of unmatched DOIs, we lowercased DOIs for each input resource at the earliest opportunity in our processing pipeline. Consistent casing considerably influenced our findings as different resources used different casings of the same DOI. Jerry Cruncher (9) • Workshops • Scientific Community Shuttered natural history museums fight for survival • ^ Shoemaker, Natalie (3 May 2016). "Which countries are accessing Sci-Hub, created by Alexandra Elbakyan?". Big Think. Archived from the original on 28 August 2016 . Retrieved 23 August 2016. • January 2018 • Instead of saying “it’s ok, I’ll go to Sci-Hub” when looking for the full text of an output, ask why they are condoning using a blatantly illegal service. Scientific American Follow us on Twitter or Facebook . • Magazine The publisher Elsevier owns over 2,500 journals covering every conceivable facet of scientific inquiry to its name, and it wasn’t happy about either of the sites. Elsevier charges readers an average of $31.50 per paper for access; Sci-Hub and LibGen offered them for free. But even after receiving the “YOU HAVE BEEN SUED” email, Elbakyan was surprisingly relaxed. She went back to work. She was in Kazakhstan. The lawsuit was in America. She had more pressing matters to attend to, like filing assignments for her religious studies program; writing acerbic blog-style posts on the Russian clone of Facebook, called vKontakte; participating in various feminist groups online; and attempting to launch a sciencey-print T-shirt business. 5) The image below shows data from just one of the attacks discussed in the above email extracts: • Freenet We managed our computational environment using Conda, allowing us to specify and install dependencies for both Python and R. We performed our analyses using a series of Jupyter notebooks. In general, data integration and manipulation were performed in Python 3, relying heavily on Pandas, while plotting was performed with ggplot2 in R. Tabular data were saved in TSV (tab-separated values) format, and large datasets were compressed using XZ. We used Git Large File Storage (Git LFS) to track large files, enabling us to make nearly all of the datasets generated and consumed by the analyses available to the public. The Sci-Hub Stats Browser is a single-page application built using React and hosted via GitHub Pages. Frontend visualizations use Vega-Lite ( Satyanarayan et al., 2017). Certain datasets for the browser are hosted in the greenelab/scihub-browser-data repository. • Search Sci-Hub's interface is perceived by users as providing a superior user experience and convenience compared to the typical interfaces available to users who have access to a paid subscription. [10] Director of Library Services over a maximum of 30 hops: • When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author's information or opinions accurately and in your own words. Even when paraphrasing an author’s work, you still must provide a citation to that work. • Understand how to approach the review with the help of a mock assignment and a detailed evaluation The early laboratories [ edit ]

• 6. The Methodology • Literature • In Figure 1, The letters A, B, C… refer to the following events: The interesting relationship between Julieta and Runaway makes for great conversation fodder, so HIFF and Haliburton County Public Library would like to invite you to the Rails End Gallery on Thursday, Dec. 7 at 2 p.m. to have a book and film discussion. • June 2012 • Douglas Rushkoff Bitcoin donations to Sci-Hub per month. Sci-Hub has cycled through domain names, some of which have been blocked by domain registry operators. [2] Sci-Hub remained reachable via alternative domains such as .io, [2] then .cc, and .bz. [15] Sci-Hub has also been accessible at times by directly entering the IP address, or through a .onion Tor Hidden Service. [16] [17] United States [ edit ] Deposit a thesis or article • Have I critically analysed the literature I use? Do I follow through a set of concepts and questions, comparing items to each other in the ways they deal with them? Instead of just listing and summarizing items, do I assess them, discussing strengths and weaknesses? Hard Times Journal • 5 Notes Collections In practice, readers of the scholarly literature likely use a variety of methods for access. Figure 8 compares several of these methods, as well as their combinations. Users without institutional access may simply attempt to view an article on its publisher’s site. Based on our manual evaluation of 500 articles, we found 34.8% [30.7%–39.1%] of articles were accessible this way. The remaining 326 articles that were not accessible from their publisher’s site are considered toll access. oaDOI — a utility that redirects paywalled DOIs to gratis, licit versions, when possible ( Piwowar et al., 2018) — was able to access 15.3% [11.7%–19.5%] of these toll access articles, indicating that green open access is still limited in its reach. This remained true on the full set of 208,786 toll access articles from the State of OA dataset, where oaDOI only provided access to 12.4% [12.3%–12.6%]. Although oaDOI’s overall access rate was 37.0% [36.8%–37.2%], this access consisted largely of gold, hybrid, and bronze articles, whereby gratis access is provided by the publisher. 9:10 AM Sci-Hub is the creation of Alexandra Elbakyan, a 30-year-old computer scientist from Kazakhstan. She has been hailed a hero and the Robin Hood of the academic publishing world. In 2016, the journal Nature named her one of the “10 people who mattered this year” in science. • Proceedings Active • ^ Peet, Lisa (25 August 2016). "Sci-Hub Controversy Triggers Publishers' Critique of Librarian". The Library Journal. Archived from the original on 13 October 2018 . Retrieved 12 December 2018. • Bidwise, Inc, United States ; • 3 — The Night Watchman by Louise Erdrich — Historical Fiction — "Based on the extraordinary life of National Book Award-winning author Louise Erdrich’s grandfather who worked as a night watchman and carried the fight against Native dispossession from rural North Dakota all the way to Washington, D.C., this powerful novel explores themes of love and death with lightness and gravity and unfolds with the elegant prose, sly humor, and depth of feeling of a master craftsman." Amazon US • UK • CAN | GR The Alchemist by Granet François-Marius. Oil on canvas, 1800–1899. Photo: Science History Institute. Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. To access this article, please contact JSTOR User Support. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader. • Poetry William Faulkner • ^ "Education Spending Statistics". Archived from the original on November 12, 2011 . Retrieved December 29, 2010. • To start creating your own custom scripts, visit our custom scripts page, where you can dive into tutorials, documentation, interesting blogs and start creating your own visualizations. According to Elbakyan, communism and science share a common mission, which she refers to as “scientific communism.” It’s a concept she came to borrow from the 20th century American sociologist Robert Merton, who founded the sociology of science, a study of science as a social practice. (Merton coined influential terms such as “self-fulfilling prophecy,” “role model,” and “unintended consequences.”) Most influential to Elbakyan were Merton’s “ norms,” which were what he considered to be the defining characteristics of science: universalism, disinterestedness, organized skepticism, and, of course, communism. (Throughout our interview, she’s still quick to rattle off quotes from Merton, declaring, “The communism of the scientific ethos is incompatible with the definition of technology as ‘private property’ in a capitalistic economy.”) ► In the previous analyses, open access status was determined at the journal level according to Scopus. This category of access is frequently referred to as “gold” open access, meaning that all articles from the journal are available gratis. However, articles in toll access journals may also be available without charge. Adopting the terminology from the recent “State of OA” study ( Piwowar et al., 2018), articles in toll access journals may be available gratis from the publisher under a license that permits use (termed “hybrid”) or with all rights reserved (termed “bronze”). Alternatively, “green” articles are paywalled on the publisher’s site, but available gratis from an open access repository (e.g. a pre- or post-print server, excluding Sci-Hub and academic social networks). • ^ Teaching exceptional, diverse, and at-risk students in the general education S Vaughn, CS Bos, JS Schumm – 1999 • Elbakyan A, Bohannon J. 2016. Sci-Hub download data. Dryad Digital Repository. [ CrossRef] • What's New • Van Noorden R. Nature owner merges with publishing giant. Nature. 2015 doi: 10.1038/nature.2015.16731. [ CrossRef] [ Google Scholar] This figure compares datasets of article coverage corresponding to various access methods. These article sets refer to manually evaluated access via the publisher’s site from outside of an institutional network (labeled None) or from inside Penn’s network (labeled Penn); access according to Penn’s library system (labeled PennText); access via the oaDOI utility (labeled oaDOI); and inclusion in Sci-Hub’s database (labeled Sci-Hub). Each diagram shows the coverage of three access methods and their possible combinations. Within a diagram, each section notes the percent coverage achieved by the corresponding combination of access methods. Contrary to traditional Venn diagrams, each section does not indicate disjoint sets of articles. Instead, each section shows coverage on the same set of articles, whose total number is reported in the diagram’s title. The top two diagrams show coverage on a small set of manually evaluated articles (confidence intervals provided in the main text). The bottom two diagrams show coverage on a larger set of automatically evaluated articles. The two lefthand diagrams show coverage on all articles, whereas the two righthand diagrams show coverage on toll access articles only. Specifically, the top-right diagram assesses coverage on articles that were inaccessible from outside of an institutional network. Similarly, the bottom-right diagram assesses coverage of articles that were classified as closed or green by oaDOI, and thus excludes gold, hybrid, and bronze articles (those available gratis from their publisher). • ^ "How to Support Special Needs Students". • Barnes A L, Weslow D E, Gardner M J. Complaint – Document #1 of American Chemical Society v. Does – Case 1:17-cv-00726-LMB-JFA. [February 7, 2018]; Eastern District Court of Virginia. 2017 • Salute • ^ a b "Nature's 10". Nature. 540 (7634): 507–515. 22 December 2016. Bibcode: 2016Natur.540..507.. doi: 10.1038/540507a. PMID 30905952. That 2015 lawsuit would, however, place a spotlight on Elbakyan and her homegrown operation. The publicity made Sci-Hub bigger, transforming it into the largest Open Access academic resource in the world. In just six years of existence, Sci-Hub had become a juggernaut: the 64.5 million papers it hosted represented two-thirds of all published research, and it was available to anyone. • Silver A. Sci-Hub domains inactive following court order. [February 7, 2018]; The Register. 2017 • 5. Formulation “Why Sci-Hub is considered to be illegal?” Elbakyan wrote on her blog last year. “Providing free access to research papers on websites like Sci-Hub breaks so-called copyright law that was made to taboo free distribution of information on the Internet. That includes music, movies, documentaries, books, and research articles. Not everyone agrees that copyright law should exist in the first place.” To Open Access activists like Elbakyan and Suber, since most research is publicly funded, paywall journals have essentially made most science a twice-paid product, bought first by taxpayers and secondly by scientists. Until, that is, the Kremlin unintentionally accomplished what Elsevier couldn’t: it got Sci-Hub shut down — at least in Russia. After an isolationist policy enacted by the Kremlin sparked intense bickering between scientists and Elbakyan, she pulled the plug herself. • Public domain whereisscihub Genres: • A Farley • Social programs in the United States and education • JSTOR Short Stories, Anthologies & Prose As the over 12 thousand quality free-to-read journals already-in-existence demonstrate, open access is a viable business model. All of us at R2R have the power to recognize a turning tide and proactively support open models. • Laboratory Furniture and Equipment Catholic School Enrollment Ways of finding relevant material Electronic Searches • OpenNap • January 2014 Mertonian Norms (Wikipedia) • BitTorrent Next Ancient Greek Poetry Facts 2.How can you write literature review by paraphrasing that of other people? • Official website • Ninja External links [ edit ] eScience Labs collaborates with hundreds of higher education institutions to provide a traditional hands-on laboratory experience to students engaged in online and blended learning. • Tax Withholding • - europe We downloaded the LibGen scimag metadata database on April 7, 2017 as a SQL dump. We imported the SQL dump into MySQL, and then exported the scimag table to a TSV file ( Himmelstein and McLaughlin, 2017). Each row of this table corresponds to an article in LibGen, identified by its DOI. The TimeAdded field apparently indicates when the publication was uploaded to LibGen. After removing records missing TimeAdded, 64,195,940 DOIs remained. 56,205,763 (87.6%) of the DOIs were in our Crossref-derived catalog of scholarly literature. The 12.4% of LibGen scimag DOIs missing from our Crossref catalog likely comprise incorrect DOIs, DOIs whose metadata availability postdates our Crossref export, DOIs from other Registration Agencies, and DOIs for excluded publication types. • thirdegree • Toshiba 177,260 • Back • Commons category link is on Wikidata • How to write an annotated bibliography • eDonkey 2. Multipack Chocolate Bars Boards & Presentation Education in the United States is provided in public, private, and home schools. State governments set overall educational standards, often mandate standardized tests for K–12 public school systems and supervise, usually through a board of regents, state colleges, and universities. The bulk of the $1.3 trillion in funding comes from state and local governments, with federal funding accounting for only about $200 billion. [1] Private schools are generally free to determine their own curriculum and staffing policies, with voluntary accreditation available through independent regional accreditation authorities, although some state regulation can apply. • give award Go to Citationsy → Many of the former members of Sci-Hub’s vKontakte group say that they simply got booted for supporting Dynasty. One scientist, Dmitry Perekalin of Nesmeyanov Institute, said that Elbakyan asked her group to vote on which was better for Russian science, Sci-Hub or Dynasty. “I wrote that it was a false dilemma and was immediately banned,” Perekalin said in a vKontakte post. Ultimately, Elbakyan shut down Sci-Hub in Russia for several days (though many people could still access it through Virtual Private Networks). Back The time and effort taken by universities to protect themselves and repair the damage caused by cybercriminals like Sci-Hub is just one example of the real harm to individual libraries. One university took days to go through and wipe all the viruses, clean compromised machines, look at what had happened, and change things to protect themselves in the future. These activities increase staffing and hardware costs for both the library and institution. The damage also impacts on the daily operation of IT systems; for example, dictionary attacks will slow the universities’ IT systems. Access to paid content can be lost when a publisher becomes aware of an intrusion. Personal data can get into the wrong hands. Eppie Charles Dickens That Universities refuse to pay their staff full-time wages is not the fault of the publishing industry. • ^ "Science Europe – cOAlition S". . Retrieved 15 September 2018. Coverage by country of publication. • Part 5: Contexts and Interpretations • Summer Term for UW-Madison Instructors • ^ "Spion eller en kunskapens Robin Hood?". 10 January 2020. • Magnet Development Arthur Pendennis It’s not hyperbole to call Colum McCann one of the greatest writers of our time, and his latest novel is his most ambitious to date. It trains an unflinching gaze on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and the unfathomable human cost this conflict has wrought. • • Introduction to ACI return [0,0,0]; Malamud acknowledges that there is some risk in what he is doing. But he argues that it is “morally crucial” to do it, especially in India. Indian universities and government labs spend heavily on journal subscriptions, he says, and still don’t have all the publications they need. Data released by Sci-Hub indicate that Indians are among the world’s biggest users of their website, suggesting that university licences don’t go far enough. Although open-access movements in Europe and the United States are valuable, India needs to lead the way in liberating access to scientific knowledge, Malamud says. “I don’t think we can wait for Europe and the United States to solve that problem because the need is so pressing here.” • - pics • • Björk B-C. Scholarly journal publishing in transition- from restricted to open access. Electronic Markets. 2017; 27:101–109. doi: 10.1007/s12525-017-0249-2. [ CrossRef] [ Google Scholar] • Approaches to assignments in your faculty • Just 6 states meet these basic criteria to reopen and stay safe Weizmann Zip Code • Simultaneous Requirements for Hes1 in Retinal Neurogenesis and Optic Cup–Stalk Boundary Maintenance • Entrance Exams • Structuring the essay • British Standards Institute BS ISO 26324:2012 Information and Documentation. Digital Object Identifier System. 2012 doi: 10.3403/30177056. [ CrossRef] Back • ^ Oxenham, Simon (10 February 2016). "Meet the Robin Hood of Science". The Big Think, Inc. Archived from the original on 17 February 2016 . Retrieved 22 February 2016. • Editorial Board • How A Bill Becomes a Law Lesson Plan • H-H Stærfeldt • Results and analysis It is an interesting opinion piece (read another thinly veiled SciHub hit job), where you very neatly make statements that conflate hackers with SciHub, without providing any real evidence to back them up. You talk about stolen credentials, and then lay the blame at the foot of SciHub- without any actual proof that they stole or hacked them. Yes they may be using stolen credentials (which I agree is very, very poor form and weakens their position, and importantly reputation), however you offer no proof that they are the originators of the theft or did hacking (do you have such evidence?). • Right click on the image of your choice “Frank”, whoever you are, I answered your questions. I agree with you about the possible reasons for heavy use in Iran and China. I already acknowledged my source of the data, and agree it may well be skewed to look good for Sci-Hub. Now please answer my question: where is the evidence that more than 50% of downloads are not from these places, but are made by Western academics wanting to hurt commercial publishers? Our Mutual Friend • Wikipedia articles with NKC identifiers Some have claimed Elbakyan uses phishing scams to get the credentials. (Phishers use a legitimate-looking email to trick the recipient into giving login credentials and other personal information.) Elbakyan has denied this on her blog, stating that it is possible that some people who donated credentials conducted phishing scams but “Sci-Hub is not doing any phishing by itself.” Catalan Elsevier doesn’t oppose Open Access, says the Coalition for Responsible Sharing’s Milne. “I can say with confidence that all the members of the Coalition (Elsevier included) embrace open access,” Milne says. (He refused to answer any line of questioning that focused too heavily on any one publisher’s actions.) Every one of the members of the coalition has their own Open Access journals. And they all also allow scientists to upload a copy of preprint, non-peer-reviewed papers to Open Access archives. For the motivations of a representative sample of users in the West, please type “sci-hub” into Twitter. Dozens of Western scientists and researchers, identified by name and institution, daily offer ringing endorsements and their reasons for their support in a few pithy characters. • • goomba_stomper 109 Sci-Hub’s repository contained 69% of all scholarly articles with DOIs. Coverage for the 54.5 million articles attributed to toll access journals — which many users would not otherwise be able to access — was 85.1%. Since Sci-Hub can retrieve, in real time, requested articles that are not in its database, our coverage figures are a lower bound. Furthermore, Sci-Hub preferentially covered popular, paywalled articles. We find that 91.0% of citations since 2015 were present in Sci-Hub’s repository, which increased to 96.2% when excluding citations to articles in open access journals. Journals with very low (including zero) coverage tended to be obscure, less cited venues, while average coverage of the most cited journals exceeded 90%. > It's your right to withhold information just as it would be your right to withhold water if you had the only well in town • EM Paul Sci-Hub Specialist Pens & Pencils 189,567 In libgen, you can search for stuff and find books/docs that match the query, but unfortunately that appears to not be possible on sci-hub, which is inconvenient. For true crime fanatics and Law & Order superfans, Monroe has written a brilliant book where cultural criticism meets sociological survey in a methodical examination of just what it is about murder that obsesses us. Through four case studies, Monroe explores why women in particular are drawn to the grotesque celebrity of true crime, and what those violent delights say about our culture. let data = await response. json(); • ^ "USTR" (PDF). • Woolston C. Paper piracy sparks online debate. Nature. 2016 doi: 10.1038/nature.2016.19841. [ CrossRef] [ Google Scholar] • μTorrent { "position": 0.450001, "color": "rgb(69%,76%,38%)" }, • Torrents-Time Danish Current status • Tools • Furthermore, Sci-Hub's coverage of closed articles was similar to its coverage of green articles (Figure @ fig:oadoi). Coverage for the ten journals with the most articles. A Tale of Two Cities That 2015 lawsuit would, however, place a spotlight on Elbakyan and her homegrown operation. The publicity made Sci-Hub bigger, transforming it into the largest Open Access academic resource in the world. In just six years of existence, Sci-Hub had become a juggernaut: the 64.5 million papers it hosted represented two-thirds of all published research, and it was available to anyone. • Call For Papers • t Please retweet to your friends,help us become stronger! Boudry C, Alvarez-Muñoz P, Arencibia-Jorge R, Ayena D, Brouwer NJ, Chaudhuri Z, Chawner B, Epee E, Erraïs K, Fotouhi A, Gharaibeh AM, Hassanein DH, Herwig-Carl MC, Howard K, Kaimbo Wa Kaimbo D, Laughrea PA, Lopez FA, Machin-Mastromatteo JD, Malerbi FK, Ndiaye PA, Noor NA, Pacheco-Mendoza J, Papastefanou VP, Shah M, Shields CL, Wang YX, Yartsev V, Mouriaux F. Boudry C, et al. PeerJ. 2019 Oct 30;7:e7850. doi: 10.7717/peerj.7850. eCollection 2019. PeerJ. 2019. PMID: 31687270 Free PMC article. • Bulk downloads Master and Commander et al. Journal Download